The French-style gardens at Peterhof cover a large surface area on the surrounding coastland. Water is a determining feature of this natural landscape and a significant element in the overall character of the park. In many cases, the sources of water actually defined the layout of the park. The canals form the axes of the composition; the pools are its centre and the fountains and waterfalls punctuate the small interior gardens.
The main strengths of the park’s composition lie in the close arrangement of its plants, its architectural construction and sculptures, and the care devoted to the spatial and esthetic qualities of the pools and fountains.